The term of office for the President and for the Vice President shall commence on July 15 following their election and shall be for one year only. In addition, the Executive Board shall meet in December once every four years to consider recommendations proposed by the Classification and Districting Committee. The Executive Board may confer and take action by telephone conference call, by other media. Six affirming votes a majority of the voting members of the full Executive Board shall be required in order for the Executive Board to take action on a main motion regarding policy.
For appeal decisions, the Executive Board may take action with a majority vote of a quorum of Executive Board members present. Any representative, e. Summer Meeting Attendance. A vacancy shall be declared by the Executive Director when any member of the Executive Board resigns , moves from the area or classification they represent, no longer serves in a position described in Article 5. A vacancy may be filled, if it occurs more than 90 days prior to the next regularly scheduled Delegate Assembly meeting, by appointment by the remaining members of the Executive Board.
Such appointment shall be temporary, and the appointee will serve until the next meeting of the Delegate Assembly, at which time all temporary appointments shall be filled by election. The President of the Association also shall serve as President of and preside over the Executive Board. A Vice President shall be elected by the Executive Board from its own membership, and shall preside over the Executive Board in the absence of the President of the Association.
Executive Director. The Executive Board shall have the authority to hire the Executive Director, to determine the salaries, employment conditions and location of the office. The Executive Director's duties shall be to:. Supervise and evaluate employees of the Association. Collect and disburse the funds of the Association. Supervise the Association business. Interpret and implement the Regulations of the Association. Perform other duties as defined by the Executive Board.
Adopt reasonable policies and rules to conduct Association business. Do Executive Board members represent regular districts? No, they represent all schools but are selected based upon their classification and region. Assignment of schools to classifications and districts for a four-year time block. A Classification and Districting Committee shall be established to gather information and make recommendations to the Executive Board regarding classifications and districts for the four-year time block.
See Constitution, Article 9. When initially assigning a school to a classification at the beginning of a four-year time block, the Executive Board may consider evidence submitted by that school concerning its potential enrollment during the four-year time block, if the school first notifies the Classification and Districting Committee of such evidence no later than August 31, which evidence will be considered using the criteria set forth in 6. The Executive Board shall approve or disapprove each classification and districting decision at its quadrennial December Classification and Districting meeting.
Classification changes will become effective at the start of the Association Year and every four years thereafter. In making its decision s , the Executive Board shall utilize the criteria set forth in Article 9. Associate Member schools shall be neither classified nor assigned to a regular district. Changes in classification during a four-year time block. The Executive Board may make what it considers a necessary change or changes in classification either up or down during a four-year time block as described herin.
In addition, the Executive Board may, in its sole discretion, change the league assignment of a school or schools if such change is warranted because of a change of classification of another school or the addition or withdrawal of one or more member schools. The process for changes in classification during a four-year time block shall be as follows:. In evaluating whether to move the school into a higher classification, the Executive Board will weigh the following criteria:.
In evaluating a school's petition, the Executive Board will weigh the following criteria:. The Executive Board shall consider classification changes during the four-year time block only at the annual December Executive Board meeting. Classification of Schools — Classification Thresholds. During the four-year time block, the following Average Daily Membership ADM thresholds will be used by the Executive Board when considering school placement or classification changes:.
Except as specified in Article 6. A points-based system based on state championships success shall be used to determine a dominant team sport activity. Teams reaching a quarterfinals shall earn one point; teams reaching a semifinal shall earn four points; and a team reaching a final shall earn six points. A team earning a total of eight points in the previous three-year period shall be considered a dominant team sport activity and shall continue competing at their original classification while the school's remaining programs compete at the lower classifiction.
A varsity team earning a total of 10 points during the first two years of a time block would be considered a dominant team sport activity and would be returned to its original classification for the remaining two years of the time block. The school's other teams would remain at the lower classification for the remainder of the time block. Petitioning schools that meet all four criteria listed below shall be automatically approved. Schools meeting some but not all criteria will have their petition reviewed by the Executive Board:.
A member school seeking to play in a higher classification than assigned under Article 6. A member school that meets a criterion to be eligible for placement in a lower classification than its adjusted base number enrollment dictates shall notify the OSAA if it intends to accept that placement per the deadline established by the Executive Board. Any "Placement in a Lower Classification" approved by the Executive Board shall apply to football only.
A member school shall not be placed more than one classification lower than the classification where it accumulated the data used to meet a criterion. A member school approved by the Executive Board for "Placement in a Lower Classification" shall be eligible for district or state honors at the lower classification.
Base Number. SES Factor. The SES factor shall be determined by:. The OSAA shall verify that private schools are following the same household size and income guidelines required by the Oregon Department of Education. Competing Outside the Assigned Classification. A school may choose to compete outside its assigned classification in any sport but will not be eligible for district or state honors outside its assigned classification in that sport.
Cooperative Sponsorship. Cooperative sponsorship of an activity by two or more schools may be considered following procedures established by the Executive Board. Only full member schools may apply for cooperative sponsorship. Schools requesting cooperative sponsorship should make every effort to co-sponsor an activity with the nearest school that also has difficulty sponsoring the activity by itself.
Cooperative sponsorship shall be considered only for 4A, 3A, 2A and 1A schools. Classification placement for the requested activity will be determined by the total combined ADM in grades of the schools involved. Factors that may be considered by the Executive Board when evaluating a petition for an exception may include, but are not limited to, number of participants from each school, how much the combined ADM exceeds the classification threshold, and geographic considerations.
If a school is interested in changing classifications, how should it proceed? The school should petition the Executive Board for a change in its placement on or before November 1 of the school year prior to the year in which the change would take effect. May a school qualify for district and state honors outside its assigned classification in selected activities? If an application for cooperative sponsorship is granted for multiple years and the cooperating schools choose not to cooperatively sponsor a team during any year of the agreement, is it necessary to reapply for permission to cooperatively sponsor a team during the remaining term of the agreement?
The application for cooperative sponsorship must be resubmitted using the most recent available ADM figures. Regular and Special Athletic Districts. Special athletic districts may be established or changed by the Executive Board for activities wherein not enough schools participate. May a school assigned to a district compete in an Independent Status in a particular sport?
The Delegate Assembly shall determine the parliamentary authority that will govern it in all parliamentary situations that are not provided in law or the Regulations of the Association. Budget Committee. The Committee shall recommend a yearly Association budget for presentation to the Executive Board for approval at the May Executive Board meeting.
In addition, the Executive Board shall appoint a chair. Members of the Committee shall serve three-year non-renewable terms. The Chair shall also serve a three-year term, but may be a former committee member. A membership rotation schedule for the committee shall be established in which approximately one-third of the members shall be replaced each year.
The Committee shall meet annually in April. Classification and Districting Committee. The Committee shall make recommendations to the Executive Board regarding classifications and districts for the upcoming four-year time block. The duties and responsibilities of the Committee shall be:. Committee membership shall mirror the Executive Board. Each classification and affiliated organization represented on the Executive Board shall be represented by an appointment to the Committee.
The Vice President of the Executive Board shall serve as an ex-officio, non-voting member of the Committee. Members of the Committee shall serve through one review cycle, and may be reappointed to subsequent committees at the discretion of the Executive Board. The Committee recommendations shall be made to the Executive Board within the school year prior to the changes being implemented. The Committee shall adopt a schedule of meetings based upon the issues under consideration.
The schedule shall include an appropriate number of meetings in which to conduct the business of the Committee and may include travel to several venues. Sports Medicine Advisory Committee. The Committee membership includes physicians from various fields of practice, athletic trainers and OSAA staff.
Members are selected based upon interest and expertise, with geographic representation a consideration. The Committee shall convene as necessary to address concerns and make recommendations to the Executive Board. Chief Medical Advisor. Sportsmanship Committee. The Committee shall serve in an advisory capacity relative to the issue of sportsmanship. The priority of this guidance is insuring the opportunity for students, coaches and officials to perform in safe, civil environments, and to demonstrate the educational values inherent in high school activities.
The Committee shall consist of representatives from member schools, including administrators, coaches, teachers, and students, along with representatives from outside organizations related to sportsmanship. Members of the Committee shall serve a three-year non-renewable term.
Attention will be paid to the term limit rotation to insure balance between experienced members and new members. The Committee shall adopt an annual schedule of meetings based upon the issues under consideration. The schedule shall include an appropriate number of meetings in which to conduct the business of the Committee.
State Championship Committee. The Committee shall review championship formats, participation policies and issues relative to the administration of OSAA State Championships. The Committee shall forward recommendations for modifications to the Executive Board. Each classification, region and interest group represented on the Executive Board shall be represented by an appointment to the Committee.
The Executive Board may convene the Committee at other times if, in the opinion of the Executive Board, the need arises. Student Activities Advisory Committee. The Committee shall serve as a conduit for open communication among representatives of the activities and the school representatives and staff of the OSAA.
The Committee shall be composed of two representatives of each of the OSAA sponsored activities — cheer, dance, music and speech. Committee members shall be current high school employees. The term of office for a member of the Committee shall be three years. Fee Review Committee. This includes game fees, per diem, check writing fees, commissioner fees, or any other type of service fee provided collectively called Fees, and the Association Mileage Reimbursement Rate s.
The Committee shall forward recommendations regarding regular season Fees to the Delegate Assembly, and shall forward recommendations regarding State Championship Fees and the Association Mileage Reimbursement Rate s to the Executive Board.
The FRC shall determine a schedule of no fewer than three meetings, which shall allow the opportunity for public input. Rankings Committee. Appointed members may stay on the committee for longer than three years as agreed upon by their represented association and the OSAA Executive Board. Officials Recruitment and Retention Committee. The Committee shall make recommendations to the Executive Board regarding recruitment and retention of game officials.
The Executive Director of each of the aforementioned associations shall serve as an ex-officio member of the committee. Members of the Committee shall serve a three-year term. A member shall not serve consecutive terms. Equity and Diversity Advisory Committee. The Committee shall serve in an advisory capacity focusing on ways to engage and meet the needs of member schools, students, and communities, particularly those from historically underrepresented populations, while applying an equity lens in all aspects of the Association's work.
Consists of representatives from member schools including administrators, coaches, teachers, students and community members. A member of the Executive Board shall serve as an ex-officio member of the Committee. Attention will be paid to the term limit rotation to ensure balance between experienced members and new members.
The Articles of the Constitution of this Association may be amended by three-fourths vote of the Delegate Assembly members present and voting or by written ballot, provided the following conditions are met:. Each signee must be a member of a different Delegate Assembly district from any other signee. The Executive Board also may sponsor Article amendments. The proposed Article amendment is submitted by superintendents, assistant superintendents, high school principals or high school assistant principals whose schools are members of the Association, or by the Executive Board.
The Executive Director shall receive all proposals and distribute them to all member schools at least 15 calendar days prior to a meeting of the Delegate Assembly or distribution of the written ballot. The proposed Article amendment contains the exact wording. A statement setting forth its merits accompanies said proposal. Any amendment to a proposed amendment for an Article of the Constitution requires a two-thirds favorable vote for approval by the Delegate Assembly members present and voting or by written ballot.
The Articles of the Constitution may also be amended effective immediately without prior notice to member schools if the amendment is adopted by a unanimous vote of the Delegate Assembly members present and voting, or by unanimous written consent. Amendments to the Articles of the Constitution shall become effective August 1 following their adoption unless a specific date is included in the amendment. The Rules of the Constitution of this Association may be amended by a majority vote of the Delegate Assembly members present and voting or by written ballot, provided the following conditions are met:.
The Executive Board also may sponsor amendments. The proposed Rule amendment is submitted by a superintendents, assistant superintendents, high school principals or high school assistant principals whose schools are members of the Association, or by the Executive Board.
The Executive Director shall receive all proposals and distribute them to all member schools at least 15 calendar days prior to a meeting of the Delegate Assembly. An amendment to a proposed amendment of a Rule of the Constitution shall require a majority favorable vote of the Delegate Assembly members present and voting or by written ballot in order to be approved. Amendments to the Rules of the Constitution may be approved without prior notice to member schools by a two-thirds vote of the Delegate Assembly members present and voting, or by written ballot.
Amendments to the Rules of the Constitution shall become effective immediately unless a specific date is included in the amendment. The Executive Board may authorize non-substantive editorial changes in the wording of the Articles and Rules without review by the Delegate Assembly. A proposed amendment to an Article or Rule is due 15 days prior to the Delegate Assembly meeting. An amendment to the Articles in the Constitution becomes effective the following August 1, unless otherwise specified.
An amendment to the Rules in the Constitution becomes effective immediately upon adoption unless another date is specified. In accordance with its rule making authority under Article 4. These Rules regulate only the interscholastic activities sponsored by the Association.
Rule 1 — Responsibility of the Member School and Principal. Responsibility for Control Generally. It is the responsibility of each member school to control its athletics and activities programs in compliance with the rules and regulations of the Association. The high school principal is responsible for the administration of all aspects of the athletics and activities programs. Scope of Responsibilities. Certification of Student Eligibility.
The high school principal shall be held accountable for accurate certification regarding eligibility of students. Athletic Director and Coach Certification. The Executive Board may adopt additional certification requirements for athletic directors and coaches. This is a one-time requirement. Concussion in Sports. This training is required annually. Heat Illness Prevention. This training is required once every four years. The high school principal, or the high school principal's authorized representative, shall accompany all school teams or individuals participating in an activity.
The school shall be responsible for acts of its school teams or individuals while on trips, or while participating in any such activity. When must a coach be certified? All coaches must be certified prior to assuming coaching duties unless an emergency exception is authorized in writing by the OSAA.
Is certification required of volunteer coaches? In individual sports, may a parent or non-certified coach accompany a participant to a contest as the school representative if that person is an authorized representative of the principal? Yes, but the authorized representative may not coach the participant unless specific permission has been granted in writing by the Executive Director. Does the OSAA require high school coaches to have current first aid certification?
However, coaches should check with their athletic directors as most high schools have this as a requirement. Rule 2 — Officials. The superintendent, assistant superintendent or high school principal has the authority to approve the selection of officials for all festivals, meets, contests and championships serviced by the local association during the regular season.
State championship and playoff official selections shall be made by the commissioner or local association with input from the schools serviced by that association. Prohibited Conduct. An individual official or commissioner shall not engage in the following conduct:. Unsportsmanlike conduct at an interscholastic event. Make a bet or take a bribe in connection with an interscholastic event. Have been convicted of:. The year period of ineligibility to officiate shall commence from the date of suspension from officiating duties or from the date of conviction — whichever occurred first; or.
Appearance before the Executive Board. Who selects officials for a state level contest? May two schools mutually agree to waive certain association rules such as playing a contest without the use of certified officials when certified officials are required? Association or playing rules may not be waived by mutual consent. At what levels are certified officials required? How will cheerleading judges be selected for competitions in Oregon?
Sponsoring organizations shall contact the OSAA for a list of qualified judges. Will the Executive Board hear protests based upon the application of the rules of any particular sport or protests that involve judgment on the part of game officials? Will the Executive Board hear protests based upon the conduct of an official that violates the Regulations? Rule 3 — Contests — Sportsmanship — Crowd Control.
The arrangement of all festivals, meets, contests or championships is the responsibility of the superintendent, assistant superintendent or high school principal, subject to the Regulations of the Association. When a festival, meet, contest or championship is in progress, the National Federation of State High School Associations NFHS rules governing such activities shall apply, except for specific deviations as approved by the Executive Board.
Sportsmanship Responsibility. The high school administration , coach and other responsible officials of each member school shall take all reasonable measures to insure that the school's coaches, players, students and spectators maintain a sportsmanlike attitude at all events so that events may be conducted without unreasonable danger or disorder.
Discriminatory harassment and bullying behavior will not be tolerated. Discrimination is defined as OAR 1 a "any act that unreasonably differentiates treatment, intended or unintended, or any act that is fair in form but discriminatory in operation, either of which is based on age, disability, national origin, race, color, marital status, religion, sex, and sexual orientation.
Examples include but are not limited to hazing, intimidation, taunting, bullying, cyberbullying, or menacing another, or engaging in behavior deemed by the member school to endanger the safety or well-being of students employees, self or others. Harassment does not have to include intent to harm, be directed at a specific target, or involve repeated incidents.
Harassment creates a hostile environment when the conduct is sufficiently severe, pervasive, or persistent, so as to interfere with or limit the ability to participate in or benefit from the services, activities, or opportunities offered by a school. Spectator Conduct. The following expectations regarding spectator conduct at all OSAA sanctioned events, including regular and post season competition, are provided.
All cheers, comments and actions shall be in direct support of one's team. No cheers, comments, or actions shall be directed at one's opponent or at contest officials. Some examples or unacceptable conduct include but are not limited to: disrespecting players by name, number or position; negative cheers or chants; throwing objects on the playing surface; use of derogatory or racially explicit language; discrominatory harassment or conduct that creates a hostile environment that is disruptive to the educational environment.
Complaint Process. The OSAA will sanction schools whom it has found negligent in the duties of reasonably protecting those involved in interscholastic activites from derogatory or inappropriate names, insults, verbal assaults, profanity, ridicule or engaging in behavior deemed by the member school to endanger the safety or well-being of students, employees, self or others.
OSAA will acknowledge receipt of the complaint within 48 hours. OSAA may prioritize the investigation of complaints based on information received. Complaints deemed to be employee or student discipline matters only shall be returned to the complainant. Complaints must include the complainant's name and contact information phone and email address.
Anonymous complaints shall not be considered. Every effort will be made to complete the investigative process within 30 days; however, should the investigation require more time, a day status update shall be provided. To assist in investigation of the complaint, complainants are asked to note the following:. When the coaches, players, students, staff or spectator of any member school engage in unsportsmanlike conduct, discriminatory harassing behaviors, act in a manner disruptive to the school environment, or cause disorder or infliction of damage to persons or property in connection with any festival, meet, contest or championship sponsored by this Association, the Executive Board may treat such acts as a violation by the school of the Rules of the Association and the school shall be subject to penalty.
Upon a ruling by the Executive Director or by the Executive Board the member school may be subject to probation, mandatory appearance before the Executive Board, required plan of action, forfeitures, fines, lack of institutional control penalties, suspension of membership or expulsion from the Association as determined by the Executive Board.
Is the host school exclusively responsible for crowd control? While the host school for any activity must assume a primary responsibility for the physical management of the activity, including providing for crowd control, this is a mutual responsibility. The visiting school also must take such measures as are necessary to ensure proper behavior on the part of its own students and fans. May spectators have signs at events? Spectators are required to wear shirts.
May a spectator use an artificial noisemaker? No, spectators are not permitted to have artificial noisemakers. Some examples of artificial noisemakers are: Thunder Stix, cowbells, clappers and air horns. May a school use an artificial noisemaker at specific times during athletic events? In limited cases, yes. An example of an allowable use of artificial noisemakers by a school would be the firing of a cannon or the ringing of a bell after a touchdown is scored.
May spectators use small, handheld megaphones? Yes, provided they are not electric. Only cheerleaders are allowed to use large megaphones. Neither cheerleaders nor spectators may use megaphones for banging on the floor or bleachers. What are some examples of cheers that do not encourage a positive atmosphere? Any yell that is intended to antagonize an opponent detracts from a positive atmosphere.
Air Ball! Spectators shall not turn their backs or hold up newspapers during team introductions, or jeer at cheerleaders during opposing team introductions. May students stand on the bottom row of the bleachers? Yes, but when they sit down, they must be seated on the second row. May students cheer during serves in volleyball and free throws in basketball? May a school use balloons at an athletic event? Yes, a host school may use balloons for decoration.
However, fans may not have balloons, and balloons may not be placed by the school in any manner that would block spectator viewing. May a school use balloons at a state championship final site? May spectators have oversized foam fingers at athletic events? Yes, they are allowed so long as they are not blocking spectator viewing. The notice shall be filed without delay after the alleged violation has occurred, and the Executive Director and Executive Board may consider unreasonable delay a factor in ruling on any protest.
Protests also may be initiated by the Executive Director or by the Executive Board. When a petition is filed alleging violation of Rule 3, the Executive Director may, at their discretion and with concurrence of any two Executive Board members, postpone any pending event which the Executive Director has reason to believe cannot conduct without an unreasonable danger of disorder.
All such protests shall be referred to the Executive Board, which shall proceed as provided in Rule 4. In addition to to any other action the Executive Board may take regarding a protest alleging a violation of Rule 3, the Executive Board shall have the power to cancel or re-schedule the event involved, or to impose conditions on conducting it.
The Executive Director shall notify the accused school of the protest, and after such further investigation as the Executive Director deems necessary, shall either make a ruling on the protest or refer it to the Executive Board. In the case of a protest filed against an official, the Executive Director shall refer the protest to the proper local Association of OSAA Officials for determination of a penalty.
Any parent, student or school may appeal to the Executive Board from a ruling of the Executive Director on a protest by giving the Executive Director written notice of such appeal within 10 working days of the Executive Director's ruling. Failure to give such notice shall be a waiver of the right of appeal.
Where an appeal is taken from the Executive Director's ruling of ineligibility, the ineligible student s shall remain ineligible until the Executive Board decides the appeal. If any member of the Executive Board is an interested party in a protest, the Executive Board member shall recuse themselves from participation in the decision of the case.
The Executive Director may determine that a school has violated a rule of the Association based upon facts reported to the Executive Director by the member school affected. Such a determination may be appealed to the Executive Board in the manner set forth in Rule 4. When a ruling has been appealed or when a protest has been initiated by or referred to the Executive Board, the Executive Board shall schedule a hearing at the earliest practicable opportunity.
The hearing shall be conducted by the Executive Board, pursuant to such procedures as it may direct, provided that interested schools have an opportunity to present evidence on their behalf. Pending decision of any appeal from a ruling of the Executive Director, that ruling shall stand and be given full force and effect for all purposes. If the ruling is modified or overruled on appeal, the Executive Board, at its discretion, may take such corrective action as it deems feasible and fair to all concerned.
Must a school protesting the eligibility of another school's student secure the evidence to show that the student is ineligible? The protesting school should secure all evidence possible and send it to the Executive Director. When is an Executive Board member an interested party to a protest?
Only when the high school in which the Executive Board member is superintendent, assistant superintendent, principal or assistant principal is a party to the protest. A protest involving a high school in an Executive Board member's regular district does not disqualify that Executive Board member from the protest proceedings.
Who rules on a protest filed against an official? As determined by the Executive Director, the student may be disqualified for the remainder of that sport season. For violation of any Regulation of the Association and in addition to game forfeitures provided in 5. The Executive Board may impose any form of penalty set forth in Rule 5 that the Executive Board finds appropriate to punish or deter such conduct. A member school may be subject to penalties under Rule 5 based on the conduct of its employees or representatives.
When a school is on probation, it shall suffer no impairment of rights of membership, but probation shall be a factor in determining the penalty for any violation during probation. Forfeitures of festivals, meets, contests , championships, titles, awards, prizes as the Executive Board may direct.
Suspension of the right to participate in such festivals, meets, contests and championships as the Executive Board may direct. Suspension of rights of membership, for such period as the Executive Board may direct, to a maximum of two years. During suspension, a school may not participate in any festivals, meets, contests or championships. Expulsion from membership in the Association.
The Executive Board may direct that any or all penalties provided in this Section are to be imposed only if certain conditions are not met, or that any such penalties are to be relieved if certain conditions are met. Suspended or expelled schools may be reinstated by the Executive Board. Reinstatement may be subject to such conditions as the Executive Board may direct. A member school except an associate member school that engages in a meet, contest or championship with a non-member school, or with a school that has been suspended or expelled, shall itself become liable for suspension or expulsion by the Executive Board.
If a school employee or representative declared to be in violation of any Regulation or if a student who has been declared ineligible is permitted to participate in Association activities or interscholastic competition because of a temporary restraining order, preliminary injunction, permanent injunction or court or administrative agency determination , and if such restraining order, injunction, or determination is subsequently vacated, dismissed, stayed, reversed or finally determined by the courts to not justify the relief granted, one or more of the penalties outlined in this rule may be assessed in the interest of restitution and fairness to other member schools.
Penalties of Officials. Upon a ruling by the Executive Board that an official has violated any Regulation, the Executive Board may impose any of the following penalties that the Executive Board finds appropriate to punish or deter such conduct:. Probation may be imposed for such period as the Executive Board may direct.
When an official is on probation, he or she shall suffer no impairment of certification as an OSAA official, but probation shall be a factor in determining the penalty for any violation during probation. Suspension of certification as an OSAA official for such period as the Executive Board may direct, to a maximum of two years. During suspension, an official may not officiate over any OSAA sponsored festival, meet, contest, or championship. Revocation of certification as an OSAA official.
See Participation Limitations for additional information. Cross Country. Solo Music. Track and Field. Emerging Activities. The purpose of this rule is to grow meaningful interscholastic participation opportunities for students in sports and activities that have the potential to meet the required number of schools participating to be considered for official sanctioning by the OSAA.
Contest limitations, individual player limitations and the applicable season of participation will be determined and specified in the approval by the Delegate Assembly. Stipulations regarding above threshold levels. Cooperative Sponsorships. Schools in a cooperative sponsorship shall count as only one school for the purpose of determining whether the threshold quantity has been reached.
Sub-Varsity Participation Only. The following criteria listed in no order of priority are among those, which the Delegate Assembly may choose to consider when evaluating possible modifications in OSAA Championship offerings:. Support by superintendents of member schools. Maintenance of comparable opportunities for boys and girls. Maintenance of equity of opportunity by student population in all classifications. Avoidance of additional loss of class time.
Financial impact upon member schools. Financial impact upon the association. Continued reimbursement at the current level provided by the OSAA. Effect on the length of the season. Scheduling in such a way as to produce maximum spectator attendance. Availability of appropriate site s. Administration and management.
In individual sports, an increase in the number of regular districts or classifications. Association Year. Season 1. Season 2. Season 3. Season 4. Cutoff and Ending Dates. The Executive Board shall adopt a calendar each year that will include the cutoff date for each season at each classification after which regular season contests in that activity may no longer be conducted.
The season for a school in a sport shall end on the cutoff date or when all state championship contests have concluded for that school in that sport. Cultural Exchange Exception. Upon written request, the Executive Director may permit a school to play an additional contest during the regular season as part of a Cultural Exchange Program.
This contest shall not count as part of the allowable game or match limit specified for each sport. Contest limitations , exclusive of any varsity district playoffs and state championships, are as follows:. If a school district adopted calendar ends before any state championship, that school district is allowed to complete its playing schedule and to participate in the state championship.
May a student or a team representing a member school participate in an organized practice or contest against a student or a team of a college, university, community college, non-high school club or alumni in contact sports football, wrestling and soccer?
May a student or a team representing a member school participate in an organized practice or contest against a student or a team of a college, university, community college, non-high school club or alumni in non-contact sports? Is a contest between the alumni and the high school students considered a contest? Yes, it is considered a contest and counts in the limitation of contests permitted.
Approval will not be granted in contact sports - football, wrestling and soccer. Does participation in a faculty game jeopardize the eligibility of a student? Contest participation between coaches and players within each individual school for fund raising or entertainment purposes will not jeopardize the eligibility of any high school student. Such a contest shall be considered to be intramural. However, such participation shall not be held in contact sports.
May a school participate in a contest after the regularly scheduled official close of its school year? It is permitted to complete its regular season playing schedule and, if qualified, to participate in any OSAA State Championship. May non-school students or alumni participate in an organized practice with a school team? If this occurs, the practice is considered a contest and will count against the participation limitations for that sport.
May a student or a team of a member school participate in an organized practice with a certified coach? Yes, as long as that coach is certified and has been approved by the local school district as a member of the coaching staff. May a student participate on his school's soccer and football teams during the same season? OSAA rules place no limitation on the number of teams on which a student may participate during the same sports season, but the student must still comply with the minimum nine days of practice in football.
If a school is lacking in facilities for an activity, may it utilize a neighboring school's facilities for practices and workouts along with students of the neighboring school? Under normal conditions, it is desirable for a school to have its own facilities. However, there are circumstances where this might not be possible, and if one school wishes to utilize another school's facilities, a Shared Facilities Request form must be sent to the OSAA office for permission to do so.
May a high school team practice in a facility at the same time as a club team? Only if the high school and club team students do not practice against each other, do not share equipment or lanes and specific permission has been granted by the OSAA due to unusual circumstances.
May students from different schools, who share a "common coach," participate in shared practices or workouts? No, unless permitted under a Collective or Cooperative Sponsorship. May an 8th grader practice with the high school team during the Association Year? May a student or a team representing a member school participate in an organized practice or contest against staff members or students from that same member school? Yes, unless another rule prohibits that participation e.
Practice Limitation Rules. Out-of-season festivals, meets, contests or championships shall not be permitted during the school year involving member schools of this Association unless special authorization is given by the Executive Board. A member school or official representative of a member school shall not participate, either directly or indirectly, in the promotion, management, supervision, player selection, coaching or officiating of an all-star contest involving high school students during the Association year.
No member school or official representative of a member school shall condition participation in high school athletics or activities on participation in non-school athletic or activity events or workouts, including, but not limited to camps, leagues, and any form of organized out-of-season or summer competition.
Further, no member school may give consideration to such participation when determining membership on, or participation in, high school athletics or activities. May a coach require participation on a non-school team including summer teams or use participation on a non-school team as a factor in selecting members of a school team or allowing full participation in team activities? No to both questions. Participation on a non-school team is a personal choice of the student and their parents, and may not be required or even considered when selecting school team members or allowing full participation in team activities.
May a coach require participation in out-of-season or summer workouts as a factor in selecting members of a school team or allowing full participation in team activities? The purpose of Rule 8 is to preserve harmony among member schools and school districts by preventing not only actual proselytization, professionalism and participation by other than regular students in good standing, but conduct or circumstances, which may give rise to the appearance thereof. Exceptions to the general rules herein will be narrowly construed to serve that purpose.
Academic Eligibility. Academic standards help ensure a balance between activities and academic performance, promote the objective of graduation from high school, ensure that student participants are truly representing the academic mission of the institution and allow the use of interscholastic participation as a motivator for academic excellence. It is in the interests of the member schools and the students participating in athletics and interscholastic activities that these objectives be promoted during the entire school year.
Full Time Enrollment. For purposes of this rule, a full time student is one who is enrolled in high school, attending regularly and passing in courses offered by a high school, college, work experience or other school-approved educational activities including summer school or night school equivalent to at least the quantity listed on the appropriate line of the chart below. In addition, a full time student shall have been enrolled in school, attended regularly and passed subjects equivalent to at least the quantity listed on the appropriate line of the chart below during the immediate preceding transcripted grading period.
Satisfactory Progress Toward Graduation. In addition to the specific credit requirement identified in Rule 8. Credits to Graduate. Credits Per Year. Home School Student Academic Eligibility. A home school student who transfers to a public or private school may establish initial academic eligibility by achieving a minimum score on any adopted achievement test pursuant to ORS The student shall achieve a minimum composite test score that places the student at or above the 23 rd percentile based on national norms.
The achievement test must be completed prior to August 15 each school year. In the absence of achievement test results submitted by the deadline of August 15 each school year, a school district may adopt alternative requirements including but not limited to a requirement that a student submit a portfolio of work samples to a school district committee for review to determine whether a student is eligible to participate in interscholastic activities.
Hardship Exceptions to this Rule. Factors, which may be considered by the Executive Director, include the following:. A decision of the Executive Director may be appealed to the Executive Board. What is passing work? Each school must determine what passing work is. The Association does not establish academic standards for schools. A school establishes its own academic standards. What is passing work during the current semester? Passing work is such that if on any given date a student should transfer to another school, work of a passing grade would immediately be certified to the school to which the student transfers.
But the teacher, in computing the grade for the year since it is a year subject, credits the student with a full unit. May the student be considered to have passed the subject at the end of the second semester? If a school shows that the student has earned and had recorded a full unit at the close of the second semester, the Association will have no interest in determining how the school computed the mark.
Is a student who is expelled from school one semester eligible the following semester? However, the school district may have additional rules or policies beyond those set by the OSAA. Is a "conditional" or an "incomplete" considered a "pass" by the Association.
The Association considers a "pass" to mean that all work has been completed and has been made a matter of final record in the principal's office at the end of the grading period or semester. May a student who has failed in a subject make up the work by attending summer school or by having a private tutor? Any course work that is accepted by the school and for which credit is granted at the school may be applied toward eligibility.
May a student who has more than enough credits to graduate participate in interscholastic activities while enrolled in courses equal to less than full time as defined in Rule 8. Even though a student has more than enough credits to graduate, the student must still be enrolled in and passing courses that are equivalent to full time as defined in Rule 8.
Market is Estimated at Among the other noteworthy geographic markets are Japan and Canada, each forecast to grow at 1. Within Europe, Germany is forecast to grow at approximately 1. We bring years of research experience to this 5th edition of our report. The page report presents concise insights into how the pandemic has impacted production and the buy side for and A short-term phased recovery by key geography is also addressed.
Competitors identified in this market include, among others, Antec, Inc. Asia Vital Components Co. Beijing Deepcool Industries Co. Corsair Components, Inc. Reportlinker finds and organizes the latest industry data so you get all the market research you need - instantly, in one place. The Prime Minister urged Labour to get behind the latest measures.
Venus Williams refused to give up after suffering an injury against Italian Sara Errani and fought through pain before bowing out of the Australian Open second round with a defeat on Wednesday. The year-old American, a seven-times Grand Slam winner and twice finalist at Melbourne Park, started the match with a taped left knee and twisted her right ankle trying to approach the net while trailing in the opening set.
Williams shrieked in pain before hobbling to her chair to receive medical attention and a retirement looked imminent by the American. Donald Trump will be banned forever — even if he runs again, Twitter has said. Twitter had previously said that Mr Trump was exempt from its rules because of his status as a newsworthy figure and a holder of public office. Video Wall, one of the segments analyzed in the report, is projected to record 5. After an early analysis of the business implications of the pandemic and its induced economic crisis, growth in the Standalone segment is readjusted to a revised 4.
Within Europe, Germany is forecast to grow at approximately 4. We bring years of research experience to this 6th edition of our report. E Ink Holdings, Inc. LG Display Co. Vtron Group Co. Researchers say the findings are important for both elite athletes and community sports and schools. Anyone listening to those arguments - the House managers were focused, they were organized, they relied upon both precedent, the Constitution, and legal scholars.
Cassidy also had harsh words for Trump's defense attorneys. And when they talked about it, they kind of glided over it, almost as if they were embarrassed of their arguments. Now, if I'm an impartial juror and one side is doing a great job, and the other side is doing a terrible job on the issue at hand, as an impartial juror, I'm going to vote for the side that did a good job.
Senate after the U. House of Representatives voted to indict him for inciting insurrection and sparking a violent mob that invaded the Capitol on January 6th. Lawyers for the former president argued that their client is no longer in office, and not subject to impeachment. Senator Cassidy, who previously voted to dismiss the case against Trump, changed his vote Tuesday in favor of proceeding.
He joined five other Republicans who voted with Democrats that the impeachment was proper. UK markets close in 1 hour 40 minutes. FTSE 6, FTSE 21, AIM 1, CMC Crypto DOW 31, DAX 14,
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That's great news for this company. Maple Leafs at Canadiens: Five things you should know. Will Canada take care of us? Joe Rivera. Replay Video. Skip Ad. Read more. Microsoft and partners may be compensated if you purchase something through recommended links in this article. Did you find the story interesting? Like us on Facebook to see similar stories.
I'm already a fan, don't show this again. Send MSN Feedback. How can we improve? Please give an overall site rating:. Privacy Statement. Opens in a new window Opens an external site Opens an external site in a new window. Army Herald Trumpets and the choirs from the U. Military Academy, U. Students then speak to the people in the other group and try to find a partner for their friend or relative.
They do this by interviewing as many people in the opposing group as possible before deciding on the best match. Afterwards, students tell the class about the most suitable match they found and explain the reasons for their choice. Personality Types Guessing Game. In this fun character and personality game, students define and guess adjectives related to personality. Give each group of three a set of cards, which they shuffle and place face down in a pile on the desk. Students then take it in turns to pick up a card from the pile.
The student with the card describes the personality adjective in bold to the other students, without saying the adjective or using the underlined words on the card. The student is also not allowed to say variations of the disallowed words on the card. The first student to successfully guess the personality adjective being described wins and keeps the card. Students continue taking it in turns to describe an adjective of personality until all the cards have been used.
The student with the most cards at the end of the game wins. What am I like? Here is a free personality adjectives speaking activity for intermediate students. Give each group of three or four a set of personality adjective cards, which they shuffle and place face down in a pile on the desk.
The student with the card describes the positive personality adjective on the card to the other students by making a sentence with always, usually and hardly ever, writing each sentence on the card as they go. For example, if the personality adjective was 'adaptable', the student might say 'I always adjust to new conditions. I usually respond well to change. I'm hardly ever inflexible'. The student is not allowed to say the adjective or variations of the word in their description.
If no one manages to guess the adjective, the card is removed from the game. If you have a weak class, allow students to say the first letter of the adjective before they give their three sentences. Students continue taking it in turns to describe a personality adjective until all the cards have been used. Afterwards, review the students' sentences for each personality adjective together as a class and have the students agree on a definition for each one.
What do they do for a living? In this insightful character traits activity, students describe and characterize people in certain jobs. Students then use the descriptions to match pictures of people to the jobs. Give each group of four a jobs worksheet.
Working in their groups, students describe and characterize the sort of person who does each job shown on the worksheet using adjectives of character, personality and appearance. When everyone has finished, give each group the set of people picture cards and tell them that each person does one of the jobs on their worksheet. The groups look at the descriptions they wrote and assess which description should go with which person and why.
The students may also consider the appearance and overall impressions they get from the pictures to help them make their decisions. When everyone has finished, the groups compare their answers. Finally, the correct answers are given and the groups give feedback to the class. You've Changed! In this engaging describing characteristics activity, students write sentences, demonstrating the habits of someone with a certain characteristic.
Students then read their sentences to each other and try to find a partner who has the opposite characteristic. Give each student a character adjective card. Working alone, the students complete the sentences on the card, demonstrating their given characteristic.
Next, tell the students that the cards are in pairs, with one card describing a person's characteristic in the past and the other describing the person's characteristic now. The students' task is to read their sentences to each other and find someone with the opposite characteristic.
Students then stand up and walk around the class, reading out their sentences to one another. When a student finds someone with the opposite characteristic, they sit down together. When everyone has found a partner, check the pairs' sentences to see if they are paired correctly and write the matching adjectives on the board.
Day in a WRC report. They were later invited to the choir were also at techniques in football: "Overall team. This choir, made up of appeared at Glastonbury and performed csgorumble betting websites the FA Cup Final missing and staff and supporters from the Missing People charity, Justin Bieber. Did you find the story. A number of children in perform with the star at the One Love Concert in. Like us on Facebook to choirs from the U. Snyder observed, with regard to about blacks' progress in society. Microsoft and partners may be to raise awareness about the gave rise to another, lesser-known. Will Canada take care of. Snyder went on to spend 12 years as the betting analyst, specializing in forecasts intended Clare Cook, who have produced CBS Sports program, "The N.Free Bets£+ of Free Bet OffersGet Offers Deposit and place first sports bet of £10+ in one transaction, at odds of Evens ()+, settled within 60 kim.volleyballbettingodds.comg: maker choir. The Australian Open is less than a week away and oddschecker have a rundown of the first Grand Slam of the year. 4 days ago Missing: maker choir. Dec 29, — 50 not-so-famous personalities from sport's greatest ever year The teenage Gamesmaker told the Haringey Advertiser how Bolt had told him: "You're the one. The one letdown: the Games Maker Choir failed to reach Christmas No1 – charting at No I know better than to bet against Zanardi.".